Zacharie Cloutier and Xainte Dupont

TO COMMEMORATE THE 350th ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARRIVAL OF
ZACHARIE CLOUTIER AND XAINTE DUPONT
WHO ESTABLISHED THEIR FIRST HOME ON THIS SITE
IN 1634.  L’ASSOCIATION DES CLOUTIER D’AMÉRIQUE
ERECTED THIS MONUMENT IN JULY 1984.

This is the translation of a plaque erected in Beauport, Quebec commemorating the arrival in New France of Cloutier and Dupont.  The plaque can be seen here.

Zacharie Cloutier and his wife Xainte, their son, also called Zacharie (he’s our Hogue ancestor), and their daughter Anne (our Girardin ancestor) were part of the same Perche migration that had brought Jean Guyon to Beauport. Zacharie was born around 1590 and Xainte around 1595.  They were married  July 18, 1616 at Église Saint-Jean in Mortagne-au-Perche, France.  Xainte was a widow.

Zacharie Cloutier was a master carpenter from Mortagne, France.  As mentioned before, skilled tradesmen were the type of colonists that Giffard was looking for.  Zacharie and his son came to Quebec the same time as Guyon, but Xainte and the other four children many not have arrived until a year or two later.

In volume 5, page 55 of Our French Canadian Ancestors by Thomas John Laforest  (Palm Harbour, Fla. : LISI Press, c1983) it states:

“By 22 July 1634, master-carpenter Zacharie Cloutier and master-mason Jean Guyon were hard at work on construction of a manor house for their lord as well as the parish church and Fort Saint-Louis in Quebec.”

This Fort Saint-Louis was the third fort built by the French at this important location, on top of a cliff overlooking the lower part of Quebec City. You can read more about the fort at The Canadian Encyclopedia.

In February of 1637 Cloutier took possession of the land grant given him by Giffard and called it La Clousterie. Benoît Grenier of the History department, Université de Sherbrooke, in an online article at the Encyclopedia of French Cultural Heritage in North America about Beauport, explains that both Cloutier and Guyon received “rear fiefs” which are “a sort of fiefdom-within-a-fiefdom; its owner is a seigneurial lord, but ranks below the owner of the seigneurial fiefdom, to whom he owes fealty and homage.”

beauport_orientation_des_terres

The above illustration from the same article shows Guyon’s land as Arrière-Fief du Buisson and Cloutier’s land as Arrière-Fief  La Clousterie.

Cloutier also had land in Château-Richer, where he and his wife eventually moved, and where they were both buried, Zacharie in 1677 and Xainte in 1680.

And here are two items of note.

  1. Cloutier apparently could not write, but he signed legal papers with a mark representing an ax, indicating his trade!
  2. The Jesuit Relations records that  in May of 1646, Zacharie and Guyon were chosen to head the procession for  the Feast of Corpus Christi, in honour of their position as senior tradesmen.

Here’s our Hogue lineage from Cloutier to Pépère:

Zacharie CLOUTIER (abt 1590-1677) + Xainte DUPONT (abt 1595-1680)
Zacharie CLOUTIER (1617-1708) + Marie Madeleine EMARD/AYMART (1626-1708)
Barbe CLOUTIER (1650-1711) + Charles BELANGER (1640-1692)
Francois BELANGER (bef 1666-1721) + Catherine VOYER (bef 1673-?)
Francois BELANGER (abt 1708-1774) + Marie Catherine NADON dit LETOURNEAU (1712-1779)
Marie-Josephe BELANGER (1740-1775) + Joseph Amable HOGUE (1734-?)
Louis Amable HOGUE (1769-?) + Marie Anne LABELLE (1776-?)
Louis Amable HOGUE (1796-1858) + Marguerite TAYLOR (1805-1885)
Thomas HOGUE (1840-1924) + Philomene MCMILLAN (1848-1923)
Thomas Joseph HOGUE (1879-1955)

And Cloutier to Mémère:

Zacharie CLOUTIER (abt 1590-1677) + Xainte DUPONT (abt 1595-1680)
Anne CLOUTIER (1626- 1648) + Robert DROUIN (1607-1685)
Jeanne DROUIN (1646-1732) + Pierre MAHEU (1630-1717)
Marie MAHEU (1663-1747) + Charles LETARTE (abt 1657-1714)
Augustin LETARTE (1693-?) + Marie Anne RIOPEL (1699-1735)
Nicolas LETARTE (1722?-) + Marie Angelique TARDIF (1723-1764)
Joseph LETARTE (1761-?) + Marie Elisabeth PAQUET (1750-1826)
Marie Amable LETARTE (1784-?) + Pierre DUPRE (1773-1858)
Marie Amable DUPRE (1801?-) + Jean Baptiste BONIN (Mar 1799-?)
Marie BONIN (1827-?) + Joseph Pierre ALLARD (1826-1875)
Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896) + Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

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