We arrive in Montreal

Up until this point in our story, our ancestors have been in Quebec (city) and Trois-Rivières.  Now they arrive in Montreal.  A group of very religious people in France formed the Société de Notre-Dame de Montréal pour la conversion des sauvages de la Nouvelle-France (I believe the name speaks for itself). They obtained the seigneury of the island of Montreal and recruited Paul de Chomedey, better known as Sieur de Maisonneuve, to establish a mission on the island, and Jeanne Mance to build a hospital.

In 1641 Maisonneuve arrived, and some of our ancestors were with him. It was late in the year and the colonists had to spend the winter at the fort in Quebec before they could go to the island in May of 1642.  They called the settlement Ville Marie.

Remember the Heritage Minutes that used to be on television? Here’s a link to one about Maisonneuve, although for some reason this clip is audio only.

Les amis de la montagne (Friends of the Mountain) have an interesting video about the history of  the cross on top of Mount Royal.  Click on the Audio-Video button.

You knew there would be a plaque right? It’s on the Founders Obelisk erected in Place d’Youville by the Montreal Historical Society in 1893.

Picture posted with the kind permission of Robert Jackson  The Duval Family of Unity and Marshfield, Wisconsin  http://www.sophocles.com/duval/index.html

Picture posted with the kind permission of Robert Jackson
The Duval Family of Unity and Marshfield, Wisconsin
http://www.sophocles.com/duval/index.html

Augustin Hebert dit Jolicoeur and Adrienne Duvivier, Girardin ancestors, have their names on  this plaque. Since the plaque was made in 1893, research has shown that Adrienne was not actually there in 1642.  Augustin was a soldier who came to the fort at Quebec around 1637, and then joined Maisonneuve at the founding of Montreal.  Augustin returned to France and married her there in 1643 in Paris.  Their daughter Marie Jeanne was born around 1647, just before the family came back to settle in Montreal.

Robert Jackson tells us on The Duval Family website that in 1648 Augustin was given

“nearly 40 acres, bounded today by Rue St-Pierre (Rue de Bleury), Rue St-François-Xavier, Rue la Moyne, and Boulevard Maisonneuve in downtown Montréal.”

Adrienne was widowed at the age of 27 when Augustin died tragically (a story for another post).

Here’s our descent:

1-Augustin HEBERT DIT JOLICOEUR (abt 1620-1653)
+Adrienne DUVIVIER (abt 1626-1706)
2-Marie Jeanne HEBERT (abt 1647-1687)
+Jacques MILOT LAVAL (1629-1699)
3-Catherine MILOT LAVAL (1665-1708)
+Jean Baptiste JOFRION (abt 1670-1740)
4-Marie Catherine JOFRION (1698-1761)
+Pierre TAILLEFER (1700-1773)
5-Jacques TAILLEFER (1733-1769)
+Marie Josephe DAUNAIS LAFRENIERE DELAUNAY (1742-?)
6-Jean-Baptiste TAILLEFER (1765-?)
+Marie Angelique DEBONNE (1766-?)
7-Marie TAILLEFER (1801- 1872)
+Jean Baptiste BERNARDIN (1784-1857)
8-Marie Louise BERNARDIN (1824- 1912)
+Paul GIRARDIN (1801-1878)
9-Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
+Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
10-Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

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Cauchon and Leneuf

In my post About those famous “cousins” I mentioned that 15 of our ancestors are listed on the plaque commemorating Lés Premiers Colons de Québec on the Hebert Monument in Quebec city.

posted with the kind permission of Robert Jackson from Duval Family History http://www.sophocles.com/duval/index.html

posted with the kind permission of Robert Jackson from Duval Family History http://www.sophocles.com/duval/index.html

In my previous posts I’ve told you a little bit about all of them.  They are:

Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois

Olivier le Tardif

Jean Guyon and Mathurine Robin

Zacharie Cloutier and Xaintes Dupont

Gaspard Boucher and Nicole LeMarie (misspelled as Nicholas)

Marin Boucher and Perrine Mallet

Robert Drouin and Anne Cloutier

Francois Belanger and Marie Guyon

There are a few other early French immigrants to mention.  The first is Jean Cauchon, a Girardin ancestor, born about 1591 in Dieppe, Normandy, died July 11, 1673 in Château-Richer.  His wife was Jeanne Abraham born around 1603 in Normandy and died in 1667 in ChâteauRicher.  Jeanne was his second wife and the family came to New France sometime between 1636 and 1640. I cannot find a definite date for their arrival (nor a plaque with their names!).  Their son, Jacques Cauchon dit Lamothe, married Barbe Letardif, daughter of Oliver Le Tardif.

Another Girardin ancestor that came in 1636 was Michel Leneuf du Hérisson. He was from Normandy and became an important figure in Trois-Rivières, being a Seigneur, and a royal judge. He and his brother held many important government positions.   Unfortunately, the Dictionary of Canadian Biography states:

“When the Leneuf brothers had the control of the key offices which they had sought for a long time, their abuses involved them in numerous difficulties.”

One of their abuses was their lucrative involvement in the selling of liquor to the natives.  Not all our ancestor’s stories are noble ones.

Michel’s daughter Anne is our ancestor.  We do not know who her mother is, and she is generally presumed to be an illegitimate daughter.  At the age of four she came to New France with her father and extended family.  She married Antoine Desrosiers, a carpenter, on November 24, 1647.  Their marriage contract was a most interesting document.  Laforest tells us in Our French Canadian Ancestors (Vol. 2 Chapter 8) that her father promised:

“a dowry of 500 livres in cash, plus two suits of clothes, a mattress with bolster, two blankets and twelve sheets, six tablecloths, three dozen napkins, twelve plates, twelve dishes, and a pot, all of pewter; the best one of three pregnant heifers and a pregnant sow”.

How practical is that!

Anne had eight children and died in 1711 at the age of 78.

Our descent from Leneuf to Mémère:

1-Michel LENEUF DU HERISSON (abt 1601-1672)
2-Anne LENEUF DU HERISSON (abt May 1633-1711)
+Antoine DESROSIERS (1620-1691)
3-Marie DESROSIERS (1650-1722)
+Alexandre RAUX (1633-1692)
4-Marie Claire RAUX dit ALEXANDRE (bef 1680-1756)
+Pierre DUBORD FONTAINE (bef 1671- 1756)
5-Antoinette DUBORD-LAFONTAINE (1715-1772)
+Nicolas RIVARD-LORANGER (1698-1760)
6-Genevieve RIVARD-LORANGER (1744-1810)
+Augustin GIRARDIN (1741-1810)
7-Charles GIRARDIN (1773-1853)
+Josephte LESIEUR (1778-1864)
8-Paul GIRARDIN (1801-1878)
+Marie Louise BERNARDIN (1824-1912)
9-Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
+Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
10-Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

Marin Boucher

Continuing the story of our ancestors who were part of the Perche Migration, we come to Girardin ancestor Marin Boucher. Marin was another mason, that being a sought-after skill in New France, and was recruited by Seigneur Giffard. He was born about 1587 in Mortagne-au-Perche, France.   We don’t know who his parents are, but he is a relative, perhaps cousin, of Gaspard Boucher.   He married twice, and we are descended from both his wives.  His first wife was Julienne Baril whom he married February 7, 1611.  The house they lived in (inherited from Julienne’s parents) is still standing, and you can see pictures of it here.

Marin and Julienne had 6 or 7 children, but Julienne died December 15, 1627.  Marin remarried to Perrine Mallet.  They had two children in France before the family left to come to New France in 1634. Marin and Perrine arrived with their two children and our ancestor Francois (from his first marriage to Julienne).  They had five more children in Quebec, including our ancestor Marie.  (I know, way too many Maries in our family!) Marin was mentioned in Champlain’s will in 1635:

“I give to Marin, mason, living near the house of the Recollet Fathers, the last suit that I had made from material which I got at the store”.

Marin died March 25, 1671 in Château-Richer,  and Perrine on August 24, 1687.

If you look really carefully at this map of the Beaupré coast, which I’ve posted before, you can see Marin’s name.

Map of Beaupré and Orléans Island, made by Jean Bourdon in 1641. D'après le facsimilé reproduit par Mgr Cyprien Tanguay dans son Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes, Province de Québec, Eusèbe Senécal, Imprimeur-éditeur, 1871-1890. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beaupre_Jean_Bourdon_1641.PNG
Map of Beaupré and Orléans Island, made by Jean Bourdon in 1641.
D’après le facsimilé reproduit par Mgr Cyprien Tanguay dans son Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes, Province de Québec, Eusèbe Senécal, Imprimeur-éditeur, 1871-1890.
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beaupre_Jean_Bourdon_1641.PNG

Here is our descent via his first wife to Mémère:

1-Marin BOUCHER (1587-1671)
+Julienne BARIL  (?-1627)
2-Francois BOUCHER (1617-bef 1681)
+Florence GARMAN (1626-?)
3-Marie BOUCHER (1652-1713)
+Antoine CHAUDILLON (abt 1643-1707)
4-Catherine CHODILLON (abt 1673-1745)
+Francois NEVEU LEMON (1666-?)
5-Marie NEVEU LEMON (1689-1747)
+Jean Baptiste BANLIER dit LAPERLE (1682-?)
6-Marie Madeleine BANLIER dit LAPERLE (1721-1795)
+Michel LANGEVIN (1718-?)
7-Marie Madeleine LANGEVIN (1749-1822)
+Louis LUSSIER (1749-?)
8-Christophe LUSSIER (1773-?)
+Marie Charlotte BRUNEL (1774-1806)
9-Magdeleine LUSSIER (1795-1832)
+Charles ALLARD (1787-1862)
10-Joseph Pierre ALLARD (1826-1875)
+Marie BONIN (1827-?)
11-Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
+Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
12-Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

and our descent from his second wife to Mémère:

+Perrine MALLET (abt 1604-1687)
2-Marie BOUCHER (1644-1730)
+Charles GODIN (abt 1632-?)
3-Marie Marguerite GODIN (1665-?)
+Guillaume TARDIF (1655-?)
4-Charles TARDIF (1688-1740)
+Marie Genevieve ROY DESJARDINS (1697-1763)
5-Marie Angelique TARDIF (1723-1764)
+Nicolas LETARTE (1722-?)
6-Joseph LETARTE (1761-?)
+Marie Elisabeth PAQUET (1750-1826)
7-Marie Amable LETARTE (1784-?)
+Pierre DUPRE (1773-1858)
8-Marie Amable DUPRE (1801-?)
+Jean Baptiste BONIN (1799-?)
9-Marie BONIN (1827-?)
+Joseph Pierre ALLARD (1826-1875)
10-Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
+Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
11-Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

Of course….the plaque.  This one is in Château-Richer, erected by L’Association des Boucher d’Amérique (The Boucher Association of America).

My translation:

In homage
to
MARIN BOUCHER
came from
St. Langis-lès-Mortagne, Perche in 1634
established on lot 62 in 1641
died and buried March 29, 1671
in Château-Richer
1st wife Julienne Baril 1611
2nd wife Perrine Mallet 1627

Association des BOUCHER d’Amérique
31 August 2008

Gaspard Boucher and Nicole Lemaire

Another Girardin ancestor who came in 1635, as part of the Perche Migration, was Gaspard Boucher and his wife Nicole Lemaire.  Gaspard was born about 1599 in Mortagne-au-Perche, France.  Nicole was born in 1595, and they were married about 1619 in France.
Gaspard was a carpenter and, when he first arrived, he worked as a farmer for the Jesuits at Notre-Dame-des-Anges near Beauport. By 1646 the family was settled in Trois-Rivières, which is approximately half way between Quebec City and Montreal.  Death and burial records for Gaspard and Nicole have not been found.

We descend from their daughter Marie who was born in France.  Here is her baptismal record.

Baptism of Marie Boucher, Jan. 22, 1629, Mortagne-au-Perche, église Notre-Dame

Baptism of Marie Boucher, Jan. 22, 1629, Mortagne-au-Perche, église Notre-Dame

She was 6 years old when she came to New France with her family.  Seigneur Robert Giffard and our ancestor Zacharie Cloutier (don’t know if this is the senior or the junior) were witnesses to her marriage to Etienne de Lafond when she was sixteen.  Marie would have nine children before being widowed at the age of 36 when her youngest child was only one year old. Marie never remarried and died at the age of 77.

Here is the descent from Gaspard to Mémère:

Gaspard BOUCHER (abt 1599-?) + Nicole LEMER/LEMAIRE (1595-?)
Marie BOUCHER (1629-1706) + Etienne DE LAFOND (abt 1615-1665)
Francoise DE LAFOND (1658-1717) + Charles LESIEUR (1647-1697)
Joseph LESIEUR-COULOMB (1688-1723) + Madeleine ADOUIN (-)
Jean Baptiste LESIEUR-COULOMB (bef 1721-1756) + Francoise RIVARD-BELLEFEUILLE (bef 1727-1756)
Joseph LESIEUR DIT LAPIERRE (1754-1813) + Madeleine LESIEUR (1756-?)
Josephte LESIEUR (1778-1864) + Charles GIRARDIN (1773-1853)
Paul GIRARDIN (1801-1878) + Marie Louise BERNARDIN (1824-1912)
Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929) + Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

When I started this blog, I mentioned that I would also talk about some interesting relatives who are  NOT direct ancestors.  One of these is Marie’s brother Pierre Boucher.   He became an extremely important person in Trois-Rivières. As a youth he spent time with the missionaries in Huronia, and later served as a soldier and interpreter at the fort of Trois-Rivières . He was influential in saving the fort from an Iroquois attack in 1653, and in 1662 was delegated to go to France to persuade King Louis XIV that this fledgling colony required more help, specifically more soldiers.

When he returned to New France Pierre wrote a book A True and Genuine Description of New France, Commonly Called Canada, and of the Manners and Customs and Productions of that Country.  It was a combination of a natural history book, a travelogue, and a plea for France to help the colony.  An English translation of his book can be found on Google Books here.

The Dictionary of Canadian Biography states that:

“The success of Pierre Boucher’s mission marks a turning point in the history of New France. His presence among the most influential persons of the kingdom resulted in much curiosity and sympathy being aroused for his country. His report, to the writing of which he applied himself on his return, increased interest in New France. It was intelligent, sincere, rational propaganda, which reinforced on the human and economic level what was already known of this country through the Relations des Jésuites. The happiest outcome of this little work was the sending of the troops of the Carignan regiment and the coming of the Marquis de Tracy [Prouville*] and Intendant Talon*. At last France was taking the fate of its distant colony seriously.”

Pierre was eventually made Governor of Trois-Rivières. In 1668 he established the seigneury of Boucherville, near Montreal.   He died at the age of 94 in 1717. One of his grandsons was the explorer LaVerendrye.  One of his great-granddaughters was Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, the first Canadian-born person to be declared a saint.

Of course, there’s a plaque in Trois-Rivières commemorating Pierre!

Marie-Claude Côté 2003, © Ministère de la Culture et des Communications

Marie-Claude Côté 2003, © Ministère de la Culture et des Communications

Remembrance Day

Thomas Hogue 1909 - 1972

Thomas Hogue
1909 – 1972

In honour of Remembrance Day, I thought I would post some pictures of my Dad and his siblings who served during World War II.

My Dad, Thomas Hogue was in the RCAF (Royal Canadian Air Force).  He was a welder by trade, and spent time at the No. 1 Technical Training School in St. Thomas, Ontario. His rank was CPL (Corporal) and he served from November 1, 1940 until October 22, 1945.

RCAF2RCAF3

His sister Louisa also served in the RCAF, having enlisted in July of 1942.

Dad and Louisa

Dad and Louisa

His brother, Albert, was the only one who saw overseas action.

Louisa and Albert

Louisa and Albert

Dad had at least four cousins who also served in World War II.  They were Edward Hogue and George Hogue, Gabriel Girardin and Isidore Girardin.

Dad had at least two cousins, Michel Dumas and Ulderic Gaudry, and two uncles, Telesphore Girardin and Florent Girardin, who served in World War I.

We have ancestors who were in the War of 1812, but that’s a post for another day.

Francois Belanger and Marie Guyon

Francois Belanger, a Hogue ancestor, was born around 1612, probably in Normandy, France.  He was a mason by trade, but we don’t know exactly when he came to New France.  He was certainly here by July 27, 1636 when he was a witness to the marriage contract between Robert Drouin and Anne Cloutier.  On July 12, 1637 he married Marie Guyon, daughter of Jean and Mathurine.  This was the first double wedding in New France, on the same day as Robert and Anne’s wedding.

By 1641 Francois had land on the Beaupré coast as seen in this map, where he is next to another ancestor Zacharie Cloutier (junior).

Map of Beaupré and Orléans Island, made by Jean Bourdon in 1641. D'après le facsimilé reproduit par Mgr Cyprien Tanguay dans son Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes, Province de Québec, Eusèbe Senécal, Imprimeur-éditeur, 1871-1890. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beaupre_Jean_Bourdon_1641.PNG

Map of Beaupré and Orléans Island, made by Jean Bourdon in 1641.
D’après le facsimilé reproduit par Mgr Cyprien Tanguay dans son Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes, Province de Québec, Eusèbe Senécal, Imprimeur-éditeur, 1871-1890.
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beaupre_Jean_Bourdon_1641.PNG

Francois was apparently an educated man and became very successful in New France.  He was appointed Assistant Administrator for Longue Pointe in 1653.  Civil records document numerous lawsuits indicating that he “earned a reputation as an honest but hard man with whom to do business”. (Source: Our French Canadian Ancestors by Thomas John Laforest  (Palm Harbour, Fla. : LISI Press, c1983, Vol. 6 page 22).

In 1669 a militia was formed to defend the colony, and Francois was named Captain of the Beaupré coast.  In 1677 Frontenac, the Governor of New France, made him a Seigneur, and granted him the Seigneury of L’Islet-de-Bonsecours, about 100 km east of today’s Quebec City.

We don’t know exactly when he died but it was between October 1685, when he gave property to one of his sons, and 1687, when Marie signed a document that indicates she was a widow.  Marie died October 1, 1696.

Francois and Marie had twelve children.  We descend from Charles who married Barbe Cloutier, a granddaughter of Zacharie Cloutier and Xainte Dupont.  Two other siblings also married grandchildren of Zacharie and Dupont.  You see how intertwined these families were!

Here is our descent from Francois Belanger to Pépère:

Francois BELANGER (abt 1612-bef 1687) + Marie GUYON DION (1624-1696)
Charles BELANGER (1640- 1692) + Barbe CLOUTIER (1650- 1711)
Francois BELANGER (abt 1666-1721) + Catherine VOYER (abt 1673-?)
Francois BELANGER (abt 1708-1774) + Marie Catherine NADON dit LETOURNEAU (1712-1779)
Marie-Josephe BELANGER (1740-1775) + Joseph Amable HOGUE (1734-?)
Louis Amable HOGUE (1769-?) + Marie Anne LABELLE (1776-?)
Louis Amable HOGUE (1796-1858) + Marguerite TAYLOR (1805-1885)
Thomas HOGUE (1840-1924) + Philomene MCMILLAN (1848-1923)
Thomas Joseph HOGUE (1879-1955)

Anne Cloutier and Robert Drouin

In my previous post I wrote about Zacharie Cloutier, from whose daughter, Anne, our Girardin line descends, and from whose son, Zacharie, our Hogue line descends.  Given how small the population of New France was at this time, it is no surprise that we find other family connections.  Cloutier’s son Jean married Marie Martin who was the daughter of our ancestors Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois.

Now I will tell you a bit about Anne and her husband Robert Drouin. Robert was born in 1607 in Le Pin-la-Garenne in Perche, France. At this website you can see a picture of the restored home where he grew up, and of course, another plaque!

Robert was a brick maker, and part of the Perche migration.  He worked for Seigneur Giffard in Beauport, and lived in the Cloutier household.  The marriage contract drawn up between Robert and Anne is the oldest surviving marriage contract drawn up in New France. It was signed in the home of the previously mentioned Seigneur Giffard on July 27, 1636 and Anne was only 10 years old at the time of the contract!  The wedding took place one year later, but with the provision that relations were not to take place for two years.  Their first child was born in 1641 and died less than a week later.  Anne would have six children, only two of whom survived. Anne died at the age of 22 on February 3, 1648. Robert married again and died at the age of 78 on June 1, 1685 in Château-Richer.

The Jesuit Relations, Volume 32 describes her funeral like this:

“This same Day, Drouin’s wife, daughter of Master Zacharie, died; she was brought to the hospital on the 4th, where two Fathers, with the usual Church Choristers, went to say vespers for the dead; and at the end of vespers, they held the Ceremony over the Body, which was then carried to the Cemetery. They did not wish to draw it on the sledge; they were constrained to bear it two by two, because of the narrow roads. We sent from the parish church 4 tapers, 4 torches, the Cross, and the Psalter. The next day, a high Mass was said at the parish church; but the relatives were notified that they should go and Invite Poisson, an Artisan, to help say Mass, together with Pierre, who was a workman of the settlement, thereto appointed. We draped the Altar in black, and lighted 4 tapers; there were none of our brethren to serve mass.”

Anne’s two daughters Genevieve and Jeanne (our ancestor) were raised by their grandparents Zacharie and Xaintes, apparently because they (the grandparents) did not approve of Robert’s second wife.

Genevieve, the daughter who is NOT our ancestor had a grandson, Claude Trepagnier, who was with Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville’s army in 1701 solidifying France’s claim to Louisiana. Claude is considered one of the founding colonists of New Orleans.

On his original property in the French Quarter of New Orleans, sits Muriel’s Jackson Square Bistro.  If you ever get to New Orleans be sure to visit the restaurant  and raise a glass to Memere’s cousin 8X removed!  And think how different your life would be if our ancestors had moved to Louisiana.  Of course, then I’d have to change the name of this blog!