The Grande Recrue, part 2

My next story is about Toussaint Hunault dit Deschamps and Marie Lorgueil who are Girardin and Hogue ancestors.  Both of these ancestors were part of the Grande Recrue, so we can assume they met each other on the ship. Toussaint, who was about 28, agreed to a contract of five years as a défricheur, that is someone who will clear the land.  Marie, who was about 16, was a fille à marier. They married November 23, 1654, a year after arriving in Montreal.  Toussaint already had his grant of land in Ville Marie.  Marie would have spent that year under the protection of Jeanne Mance.  Maisonneuve and ancestor Gilbert Barbier were witnesses at the marriage.

Toussaint and Marie had ten children, and amazingly only one of them died as a young child. However, many other tragedies struck this family.  To begin, Toussaint was murdered in 1690 by Dumont, Baron de Blaignac, a lieutenant, who killed Toussaint with a sword and then fled.  We don’t know why, nor if the lieutenant was ever captured or punished.  Marie would die ten years later.

We are descended on the Hogue side from their daughter Marie Therese who married Guillaume Leclerc. Marie Therese was married at the age of thirteen, bore seven children, and died tragically at the age of 26, when her youngest was but two months old!  Surprisingly, Guillaume did not marry again.  Marie Therese’s death in Lachenaie was at the hands of the Iroquois. On August 5, 1698, shortly before her death, there had been a serious attack by the Iroquois, known as the Lachine Massacre.

The church record of her burial on August 17, 1689 tells us that she was “tuée cruellement dans la grange” (killed cruelly in the barn).

Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967 forMarie Therese Huneau, Lachenaie 1687-1696, Image 9 of 16, accessed on ancestry.ca

Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967 forMarie Therese Huneau,
Lachenaie 1687-1696, Image 9 of 16, accessed on ancestry.ca

Here is our descent to Pépère:

1-Toussaint HUNAULT DESCHAMPS (abt 1625-1690)
+Marie LORGUEIL (abt 1637-1700)
2-Marie Therese HUNAULT (1663-1689)
+Guillaume LECLERC (1645-1723)
3-Marie Anne LECLERC (bef 1686-1730)
+Jacques LABELLE (1688-1748)
4-Jacques LABELLE (1713-1785)
+Marie Elisabeth VANIER dite FONTAINE (1721-1803)
5-Jean Jacques Baptiste LABELLE (1743-1816)
+Marie Rose GUILBAULT (1747-1778)
6-Marie Anne LABELLE (1776-?)
+Louis Amable HOGUE (1769-?)
7-Louis Amable HOGUE (1796-1858)
+Marguerite TAYLOR (1805-1885)
8-Thomas HOGUE (1840-1924)
+Philomene MCMILLAN (1848-1923)
9-Thomas Joseph HOGUE (1879-1955)

We are descended on the Girardin side from their daughter Jeanne who married three times.  We are descended from two of her children by two different husbands.  Now Jeanne’s story is a very mysterious one.  I have very few documented facts to go on. Her first husband was Adrien Quevillon.  They married in 1672, when she was fourteen, and had seven children, the last one being born before 1688.  Adrien was dead by November 27, 1697 (marriage date of one of his daughters).   We don’t know exactly when he died.

Jeanne had another son, named Louis Courval, who was baptised June 4, 1698 at the age of 18 months in Pointe-aux-Trembles.  The church record shows that his parents “ont ete maries chez les Iroquois” translated as “were married among the Iroquois”. The father is listed as Jacques Courval. We don’t know when he died.

Jeanne married for the third time to Pierre Taillefer, a soldier from France, on May 7, 1699 in Montreal. Jeanne died at the grand old age of 90 in 1748.

But exactly where was Jeanne between 1688, the birth of her last child with Adrien Quevillon , and 1698, when Courval’s son was baptized?

One clue we have to what might have happened is found in The Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families by Tanguay.  In regards to Catherine Quevillon, one of Jeanne and Adrien’s daughters, he states that:

Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection), 1608-1890 Volume: Vol. 1 Sect. 2 : Hem-Zap; Page: 505 Accessed on ancestry.ca

Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection), 1608-1890
Volume: Vol. 1 Sect. 2 : Hem-Zap; Page: 505
Accessed on ancestry.ca

(my translation) This infant was stolen by the Iroquois, with one of her sisters aged seven years, who the barbarians burnt in front of her eyes. After many years of captivity, she was released and returned to her family.

A second clue is found in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography where the entry for Samuel Papineau tells us:

“On 6 June 1704, at Rivière-des-Prairies, Samuel Papineau had married Catherine Quevillon (1686–1781), by whom he had nine children. When she was young, Catherine had been carried off by the Iroquois, and ransomed after several years of captivity.”

So, what do we know?

Toussaint Hunault dit Deschamps was murdered by a soldier in 1690.

His daughter Marie Therese was killed by the Iroquois in her barn in 1689.

His granddaughter Catherine Quevillon was captured by the Iroquois (date unknown) but eventually released.

Another granddaughter (perhaps Angelique) was also captured at the same time and burnt to death.

Perhaps, and this is just speculation as I have not found any documentation to prove this,  his daughter Jeanne may have been captured at the same time and eventually released.

Catherine, the captured granddaughter was married in Montreal in 1703.  I’m assuming that she may have been released after the Great Peace of 1701, when the French brokered a treaty with 39 Aboriginal Nations.  One of the terms was release of prisoners on both sides.

Here are our descents in the Girardin line:

1-Toussaint HUNAULT DESCHAMPS (abt 1625-1690)
+Marie LORGUEIL (abt 1637-1700)
2-Jeanne HUNAULT (abt 1658-1748)
+Pierre TAILLEFER (abt 1667-1734)
3-Pierre TAILLEFER (1700-1773)
+Marie Catherine JOFRION (1698-1761)
4-Jacques TAILLEFER (1733-1769)
+Marie Josephe DAUNAIS LAFRENIERE DELAUNAY (1742-?)
5-Jean-Baptiste TAILLEFER (1765-?)
+Marie Angelique DEBONNE (1766-?)
6-Marie TAILLEFER (1801-1872)
+Jean Baptiste BERNARDIN (1784-1857)
7-Marie Louise BERNARDIN (1824-1912)
+Paul GIRARDIN (1801-1878)
8-Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
+Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
9-Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

1-Toussaint HUNAULT DESCHAMPS (abt 1625-1690)
+Marie LORGUEIL (abt 1637-1700)
2-Jeanne HUNAULT (abt 1658-1748)
+Adrien QUEVILLON (abt 1645-?)
3-Francois QUEVILLON (bef 1688-1740)
+Marie Louise DEVILLERAY (1696-1766)
4-Marie Anne QUEVILLON (1718-?)
+Joseph MEILLEUR (1716-1786)
5-Marie Anne MEILLEUR (1743-?)
+Antoine Camille DEBONNE (1730-1774)
6-Marie Angelique DEBONNE (1766-?)
+Jean-Baptiste TAILLEFER (1765-?)
7-Marie TAILLEFER (1801-1872)
+Jean Baptiste BERNARDIN (1784-1857)
8-Marie Louise BERNARDIN (1824-1912)
+Paul GIRARDIN (1801-1878)
9-Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
+Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
10-Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

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4 thoughts on “The Grande Recrue, part 2

  1. Very well done research. I, too, am descended from Jeanne Hunault and Adrien Quevillon. I once stumbled over a website with Toussaint’s work contract. It’s out there. If you go to the Biblioteque et Archives Nationale de Quebec on the Pistard search site, you can dig up the original documents regarding the clan and print them for free. Try every imaginable spelling…Huno, Hunaud etc.
    RE: Hogue, at one time the family was starving and received, along with several other families, social welfare receipts from the local parish/gov. to keep them alive. These receipts are also on Pistard.
    We share Hogue and a few others. I’m beginning to believe all of Quebec is related.
    Bravo,
    A Distant Relative….Suzan

    • Hi Suzan! Thanks for those kind words. I have used Pistard, but am hampered by my lack of French language skills. 😦 Yes, those of us who trace our ancestors back to early New France are definitely all related somehow!

      • Grace Hallenbeck

        Hi Jackie! Thank you so much for making this post! It gave me some very useful information and I found out that we are related. You are my 8th cousin 2x removed. I am part Canadian and I am even related to the Papineau family. Louis Joseph Papineau is my 5th great grandfather. If you want to contact me, my email is gracieface10@icloud.com.

      • Hi Grace,
        Don’t we have a fascinating history? I’ll be in touch.

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