Cauchon and Leneuf

In my post About those famous “cousins” I mentioned that 15 of our ancestors are listed on the plaque commemorating Lés Premiers Colons de Québec on the Hebert Monument in Quebec city.

posted with the kind permission of Robert Jackson from Duval Family History http://www.sophocles.com/duval/index.html

posted with the kind permission of Robert Jackson from Duval Family History http://www.sophocles.com/duval/index.html

In my previous posts I’ve told you a little bit about all of them.  They are:

Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois

Olivier le Tardif

Jean Guyon and Mathurine Robin

Zacharie Cloutier and Xaintes Dupont

Gaspard Boucher and Nicole LeMarie (misspelled as Nicholas)

Marin Boucher and Perrine Mallet

Robert Drouin and Anne Cloutier

Francois Belanger and Marie Guyon

There are a few other early French immigrants to mention.  The first is Jean Cauchon, a Girardin ancestor, born about 1591 in Dieppe, Normandy, died July 11, 1673 in Château-Richer.  His wife was Jeanne Abraham born around 1603 in Normandy and died in 1667 in ChâteauRicher.  Jeanne was his second wife and the family came to New France sometime between 1636 and 1640. I cannot find a definite date for their arrival (nor a plaque with their names!).  Their son, Jacques Cauchon dit Lamothe, married Barbe Letardif, daughter of Oliver Le Tardif.

Another Girardin ancestor that came in 1636 was Michel Leneuf du Hérisson. He was from Normandy and became an important figure in Trois-Rivières, being a Seigneur, and a royal judge. He and his brother held many important government positions.   Unfortunately, the Dictionary of Canadian Biography states:

“When the Leneuf brothers had the control of the key offices which they had sought for a long time, their abuses involved them in numerous difficulties.”

One of their abuses was their lucrative involvement in the selling of liquor to the natives.  Not all our ancestor’s stories are noble ones.

Michel’s daughter Anne is our ancestor.  We do not know who her mother is, and she is generally presumed to be an illegitimate daughter.  At the age of four she came to New France with her father and extended family.  She married Antoine Desrosiers, a carpenter, on November 24, 1647.  Their marriage contract was a most interesting document.  Laforest tells us in Our French Canadian Ancestors (Vol. 2 Chapter 8) that her father promised:

“a dowry of 500 livres in cash, plus two suits of clothes, a mattress with bolster, two blankets and twelve sheets, six tablecloths, three dozen napkins, twelve plates, twelve dishes, and a pot, all of pewter; the best one of three pregnant heifers and a pregnant sow”.

How practical is that!

Anne had eight children and died in 1711 at the age of 78.

Our descent from Leneuf to Mémère:

1-Michel LENEUF DU HERISSON (abt 1601-1672)
2-Anne LENEUF DU HERISSON (abt May 1633-1711)
+Antoine DESROSIERS (1620-1691)
3-Marie DESROSIERS (1650-1722)
+Alexandre RAUX (1633-1692)
4-Marie Claire RAUX dit ALEXANDRE (bef 1680-1756)
+Pierre DUBORD FONTAINE (bef 1671- 1756)
5-Antoinette DUBORD-LAFONTAINE (1715-1772)
+Nicolas RIVARD-LORANGER (1698-1760)
6-Genevieve RIVARD-LORANGER (1744-1810)
+Augustin GIRARDIN (1741-1810)
7-Charles GIRARDIN (1773-1853)
+Josephte LESIEUR (1778-1864)
8-Paul GIRARDIN (1801-1878)
+Marie Louise BERNARDIN (1824-1912)
9-Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929)
+Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
10-Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

Gaspard Boucher and Nicole Lemaire

Another Girardin ancestor who came in 1635, as part of the Perche Migration, was Gaspard Boucher and his wife Nicole Lemaire.  Gaspard was born about 1599 in Mortagne-au-Perche, France.  Nicole was born in 1595, and they were married about 1619 in France.
Gaspard was a carpenter and, when he first arrived, he worked as a farmer for the Jesuits at Notre-Dame-des-Anges near Beauport. By 1646 the family was settled in Trois-Rivières, which is approximately half way between Quebec City and Montreal.  Death and burial records for Gaspard and Nicole have not been found.

We descend from their daughter Marie who was born in France.  Here is her baptismal record.

Baptism of Marie Boucher, Jan. 22, 1629, Mortagne-au-Perche, église Notre-Dame

Baptism of Marie Boucher, Jan. 22, 1629, Mortagne-au-Perche, église Notre-Dame

She was 6 years old when she came to New France with her family.  Seigneur Robert Giffard and our ancestor Zacharie Cloutier (don’t know if this is the senior or the junior) were witnesses to her marriage to Etienne de Lafond when she was sixteen.  Marie would have nine children before being widowed at the age of 36 when her youngest child was only one year old. Marie never remarried and died at the age of 77.

Here is the descent from Gaspard to Mémère:

Gaspard BOUCHER (abt 1599-?) + Nicole LEMER/LEMAIRE (1595-?)
Marie BOUCHER (1629-1706) + Etienne DE LAFOND (abt 1615-1665)
Francoise DE LAFOND (1658-1717) + Charles LESIEUR (1647-1697)
Joseph LESIEUR-COULOMB (1688-1723) + Madeleine ADOUIN (-)
Jean Baptiste LESIEUR-COULOMB (bef 1721-1756) + Francoise RIVARD-BELLEFEUILLE (bef 1727-1756)
Joseph LESIEUR DIT LAPIERRE (1754-1813) + Madeleine LESIEUR (1756-?)
Josephte LESIEUR (1778-1864) + Charles GIRARDIN (1773-1853)
Paul GIRARDIN (1801-1878) + Marie Louise BERNARDIN (1824-1912)
Napoleon GIRARDIN (1851-1929) + Onesime ALLARD (1852-1896)
Marie Emma GIRARDIN (1878-1979)

When I started this blog, I mentioned that I would also talk about some interesting relatives who are  NOT direct ancestors.  One of these is Marie’s brother Pierre Boucher.   He became an extremely important person in Trois-Rivières. As a youth he spent time with the missionaries in Huronia, and later served as a soldier and interpreter at the fort of Trois-Rivières . He was influential in saving the fort from an Iroquois attack in 1653, and in 1662 was delegated to go to France to persuade King Louis XIV that this fledgling colony required more help, specifically more soldiers.

When he returned to New France Pierre wrote a book A True and Genuine Description of New France, Commonly Called Canada, and of the Manners and Customs and Productions of that Country.  It was a combination of a natural history book, a travelogue, and a plea for France to help the colony.  An English translation of his book can be found on Google Books here.

The Dictionary of Canadian Biography states that:

“The success of Pierre Boucher’s mission marks a turning point in the history of New France. His presence among the most influential persons of the kingdom resulted in much curiosity and sympathy being aroused for his country. His report, to the writing of which he applied himself on his return, increased interest in New France. It was intelligent, sincere, rational propaganda, which reinforced on the human and economic level what was already known of this country through the Relations des Jésuites. The happiest outcome of this little work was the sending of the troops of the Carignan regiment and the coming of the Marquis de Tracy [Prouville*] and Intendant Talon*. At last France was taking the fate of its distant colony seriously.”

Pierre was eventually made Governor of Trois-Rivières. In 1668 he established the seigneury of Boucherville, near Montreal.   He died at the age of 94 in 1717. One of his grandsons was the explorer LaVerendrye.  One of his great-granddaughters was Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, the first Canadian-born person to be declared a saint.

Of course, there’s a plaque in Trois-Rivières commemorating Pierre!

Marie-Claude Côté 2003, © Ministère de la Culture et des Communications

Marie-Claude Côté 2003, © Ministère de la Culture et des Communications